Chapter 23. Employment Law

Aim: How emplyment laws protect minors

I. how are emplyment relationships stated? oral agreements

2. writen employment contracts

3. union contracts- collective baragaining agreement.

B. Who regulate employment laws?

a. wages and hours

b. anti discrimination

c. safe waking conditions- OSHA

d. disability unemployment insurance

e. minimum retirement benefits

II. Labor- management relations (unions)
Unions- organizations of employees formed to promote welfare for its members

Whats included?

working conditions, wages, benefits, job security, lay off/ firing policies

Grievence- complaint against the employer stating that the contract was violated.

When is a contract not helpful- layoff

plant closing} economic conditions

impasse- when both sides dont want to negitiate anymore

III. Professional empluyment contracts

“in demand” excutives, celebrities and any one employee which specific skills. All terms of the employment contract will be negotiated by the potential candidate and employer.

IV. terminating the employment relationships

doctrine of employment at will- which states you could be hired or fired at any time

Exceptions to Employment at Will

1. Public Policy- refused due to one obeying the law

2.Implied Contract- a promise made by an employer that was relied upon “Promissary Estoppel”

3.Implied Covenant-your employer is sworn to be fair and honest and not cheat.

Restrictive Employment Contract- based on the employment situation an employer can restrict you from working in other similar careers when you leave.

National Labor Relations Act of 1935 “Wagner Act”

Propose purpose to legalize collective bargaining which is known as unions. It was to discourage unfair labor practices. it set guidelines for wages, hours, and type of employment.

Taft- Hantley Act of 1947(LMRA)

Provided for a 60 day colling off rule for occupations that effect welfare, public policy

President had the power to force labor back to work

Fedreal mediations was called in to mediate contract issues

Closed shop- declared unconstitutional

Open shop- allowed for a 30 day period before an employee can chose to join a union

Fenderbedding- outlawed. Having too many employees doing one thing. Outlawed

Landrum Griffin Act 1959

Guidelines for unions financial record

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