Chapter 1. You and the Law

I. Aim: What is the origin of  US Law?

1.Morality: Values an individual is raised with that is accepted by society. (Southern State, Middle East)

2.Ethics: The values of right and wrong derived from our morals.

3. Does Morality and Ethics ever come in conflict? = LAWS

4. Moral Person: an individual who believes in and accepts the values of society.

5. Immoral Person: person who does not abide or with intent (Malice) deliberately goes against society morals.

6. Amoral: “Sociopath” – a person who has no regard for morality out of touch with the values in society

Law: Set of legal principle (guidelines) set forth by government that promotes the general welfare of society.

II. How do we make ethical decisions?

A. Feelings and Opinions: To go with your gut.

B. The Greatest Good: The best thing for all of us

C. The Golden Rule: Treat others the way you want to be treated.

Chapter 1: Language of Law

1. Unconstitutional

2. Law

3. Precedent

4. Morality

5. Precedent

6. Statute

7. Ethics

8. Legislature

9. Common Law

10. Administrative Laws

Articles to the Constitution: Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch

10 Amendments:

1. Religion and Expression: Freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, right to petition the government, and freedom of religion.

2. Bearing Arms: The security of a free state, that one has the right to bear arms.

3. Quartering Soldiers: No soldier shall put himself in one’s house without the consent of the owner.

4. Search and Seizure: The right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects.

5. Right of Persons: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger, nor shall any person be subject for the same offense.

6. Right of accused in criminal prosecution: In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial.

7. Civil Trials: In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars.

8. Further Guarantees in Criminal cases: Excessive bail not be required , nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment.\

9. Unenumerated Rights: No one shall be denied their rights.

10. Reserved Powers: State driven powers.

  Power Point

1. Case summary and issues

2. plaintiff- their defense

3. defense-their defense

4. Decision- U.S Supreme court rule (How the amendments were used interpreted or changed by the case).

 

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